Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers. The rank of a number is its size relative to other values in a list. (If you were to sort the list, the rank of the number would be its position.)
Number is the number whose rank you want to find.
Ref is an array of, or a reference to, a list of numbers. Nonnumeric values in ref are ignored.
Order is a number specifying how to rank number.
- If order is 0 (zero) or omitted, Microsoft Excel ranks number as if ref were a list sorted in descending order.
- If order is any nonzero value, Microsoft Excel ranks number as if ref were a list sorted in ascending order.
RANK gives duplicate numbers the same rank. However, the presence of duplicate numbers affects the ranks of subsequent numbers. For example, in a list of integers, if the number 10 appears twice and has a rank of 5, then 11 would have a rank of 7 (no number would have a rank of 6).
If A1:A5 contain the numbers 7, 3.5, 3.5, 1, and 2, respectively, then:
RANK(A2,A1:A5,1) equals 3
RANK(A1,A1:A5,1) equals 5